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WHAT IS LEARNING DISABILITY?

A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence, often the individual's IQ falls within the normal range. The source of the difficulty is in the brain. Children and adults with a learning disorder have trouble processing sensory information which interferes in their daily activities at school and work. They see, hear and understand things differently. If left untreated, the challenges a learning disability creates can severely affect a child's school experience and self-esteem. However, treatment is available and can be successful even if the disability is identified in late childhood or adulthood.

The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) defines the term learning disability as:

"A heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical abilities. These disorders are intrinsic to the individual and presumed to be due to Central Nervous System Dysfunction."

Some of the Learning Disabilities are


  • Poor performance on group tests

  • Difficulty discriminating size, shape, color

  • Difficulty with temporal (time) concepts

  • Distorted concept of body image

  • Reversals in writing and reading

  • General awkwardness

  • Poor visual-motor coordination

  • Hyperactivity

  • Difficulty copying accurately from a model

  • Slowness in completing work

  • Poor organizational skills

  • Easily confused by directions, instruction

  • Disorganized thinking

  • Poor short-term or long-term memory

  • Low tolerance for frustration

  • Excessive movement during sleep

  • Poor peer relationships

  • Overly excitable during sleep

  • Poor social judgment

  • Behavior often inappropriate for situation

  • Failure to see consequences for his actions

  • Overly gullible; easily led by peers

  • Often perseverates on one topic or idea

  • Lags in developmental milestones(e.g. motor language)

  • Difficulty with abstract reasoning and/or problem solving

  • Impulsive behavior' lack of reflective thought prior to action

  • Inappropriate, unselective an often excessive display of affection


Causes of Learning Disability

A learning disability is not indicative of low intelligence. Indeed, research indicates that some people with learning disabilities may have average or above-average intelligence. Causes of learning disabilities include a deficit in the brain that affects the processing of information.

Some of the Causes of Learning Disabilities are

Resources

Why not your Child

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Word Identification Strategy

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Understand Learning Disabled Children

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